Category: Money & Finance

Freedom & Opportunity

DontTreadOnMeFlagHaving just celebrated our own independence and freedom on July Fourth, recent events in Egypt provoke questions about the stability and longevity of our own democracy.

Q. In an era when social media can motivate millions overnight, at what point do tens of millions of demonstrators, protesting on the streets against the status quo, gain the moral authority over a democratically elected but increasingly onerous and misdirected government?

Q. In a nation with ever-evolving restrictions on private gun ownership, can we rely on the armed forces to recognize such a turning point in the tide of populist protest, reassuring ourselves that the armed forces will always side with the masses and eject a despotic leadership?

Q. As believers in democracy, should we meekly accept the ascendancy of a  disastrous or reprehensible political philosophy, simply because they won a majority at the ballot box?

In America, we believe we are not susceptible to widespread social unrest and are perhaps immune to revolution; after all, we already had our American Revolution.


But compare three different situations, with disturbingly common threads: The American Revolution (‘REV‘), the current situation in Egypt (‘EGP‘), and the current circumstances today in the U.S. (‘USA‘):

REV: The British thought the colonies should be utilized in ways that best suited the Crown and Parliament. EGP: Mubarak, and then Morsi, thought that Egypt should be governed in ways that best suited the leaders in government. USA: The ever-expanding Fed thinks that government should serve the best interests of government and the administration’s favored few: federal workers, trade unions, political supporters, etc.

REV: Increasing disagreement over the way Britain treated the 13 colonies, versus the way the colonies thought they should be treated. EGP: Increasing disagreement over the way the government treats the people, versus the way the people think they should be treated. USA: Increasing disagreement over the way the government treats the people, versus the way the people think they should be treated.

REV: A rallying cry of the revolution was ‘No taxation without representation’, combined with the common sentiment that the people were taxed too greatly. EGP: Egyptians feel they are over-taxed and over-regulated to the point of deterring business opportunities and entrepreneurship. USA: A majority of Americans has lost faith in the IRS, believing the tax code should be simplified and made fair or flat, a concept with which the administration disagrees.

USFlagREV: The colonists had a strong streak of independence and a desire for greater opportunities and more freedom. EGP: The Egyptian people demonstrated a desire to break away from authoritarian rule, to have more religious freedom and to have the chance at a better life. USA: An increasing number of Americans believe in limited government, but we have an expanding Fed and live in an over-regulated, overly politically correct, over-taxed, nanny state that spends money on wasteful projects like a drunken sailor and increasingly infringes on individual freedoms, business enterprise and property rights.

REV: The people’s desire for economic freedom and opportunity, unburdened by government. EGP: The people’s desire for economic freedom and opportunity, unburdened by government. USA: The people’s desire for economic freedom and opportunity, unburdened by government.

REV: Colonial legislatures had developed a measure of independence from the Crown and were used to operating at the local level, a practice the Crown sought to diminish. EGP: Religious organizations had evolved a system of mutual cooperation and respect, even though Islam is the dominant religion, a tolerance that Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood sought to curtail with the imposition of Sharia laws. USA: States have exercised their rights in ways that have brought them into conflict with a Fed that increasingly seeks to bully and interfere with States’ rights.

REV: A government out of touch with the people, not representing the will of the people. EGP: A government out of touch with the people, not representing the will of the people. USA: A government out of touch with the people, not representing the will of the people.

REV: A government trying to confiscate the arms of the people, to prevent the people’s militia resisting despotic government. EGP: A government that had already banned gun ownership – the sine qua non for authoritarian regimes – to prevent the people’s resistance to despotic government. USA: A government that constantly tries to restrict or ban private gun ownership, an approach successfully used countless times throughout history to pave the way for authoritarian rule.

REV: The British Currency Acts (1751 & 1764) restricted the colonies’ issuance of paper currency and then outlawed the use of paper money to settle public and private debts. EGP: Egypt’s foreign currency reserves have been halved, causing the Egyptian Pound to plummet in value. USA: The Fed is printing $85 billion a month, devaluing the fiat currency and turning the U.S. Dollar into the U.S. Dullard. Meanwhile, gold and silver – the only true money – are denied the status of legal tender.


It is safe to say that the Founding Fathers would be horrified by the State Of The Nation today: a worthless fiat currency, a trampled Constitution, a Leviathan government and a populace increasingly dependent on Federal handouts. In the words of George Washington, “Government is not reason; it is not eloquent; it is force. Like fire, it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master.


Gold Value


Gold and silver dollar prices recently declined, and yet bullion sales are breaking records, perhaps because an increasing number of Americans realize there is a difference between face (or nominal) value, and inherent or intrinsic value. Think about it. The U.S. Dollar bill has a face value of one dollar. It will never be worth more than a dollar and, adjusting for inflation, its real value is considerably less than a dollar.


It costs little for the government printing pressesPrinting Money to keep running, day and night, conjuring $100 bills out of thin air and loading the bricks of notes onto palettes and fork-lifting them off to the vault. But with all of those billions printed, imagine the value of the dollar declining dramatically, as though it now had 70c printed on the face of each bill, instead of $1 (actually, it should have 2c, since it has lost 98% of its value since 1913). Can you imagine Americans stampeding to the banks to accumulate paper dollar bills? It would simply never happen. No, Americans would instead lose all faith in paper currency and turn to the alternatives: gold, silver and the barter system.


By contrast, a gold American Eagle one-ounce coin has a face value of $50. The last time gold sold for $50 an ounce was over forty years ago (note that the purchase price of a bullion coin includes a significant premium price, unlike the purchase of a bullion bar). The cost of mining gold from the ground is variously estimated at between $460 per ounce and $1,000 per ounce. Do you think that the gold price could fall below the price of production, or that it could do so for very long? The clear answer is no.

Gold and silver have been around for thousands of years, are highly valued everywhere in the world and therefore have an undeniably inherent or intrinsic value.

Liberty Reserve’s Money Mayhem

It’s strange that money laundering – money-cleaning, really – should have a negative connotation. After all, the U.S. Treasury Printing Moneyprints a flood of currency backed only by faith in the U.S. Government. That’s $85 billion a month of brand-new dollars, conjured out of thin air: there is nothing as clean as crisp new paper money…..


But Liberty Reserve, a global currency exchange based in Costa Rica, was closed down in early June on the suspicion of money-laundering the ill-gotten gains of cybercriminals, organized crime and even terrorists. Although based in Costa Rica, U.S. officials used a provision in the Patriot Act to target Liberty Reserve and other co-transacting organizations, this being the first time this provision has been used to prosecute a provider of virtual currency.

Operating outside the confines of international banking regulations, the aptly named Liberty Reserve provided the freedom of a simple, seamless and anonymous global monetary system, a network which conducted 55 million global transactions over 7 years, amounting to $6 billion.


And therein lay the problem, because a user need only provide an e-mail address to open an account, without any verification of identity. You could open an account as ‘Ukrainian Mafioso Viktor’, call your account ‘Cocaine Distribution’ and still sleep soundly. There was no identity verification process, no paper trail and no collection of banking information (account names and numbers). For a trustworthy global money exchange to operate securely and safely, the identity of each participant has to be properly verified, and the issuing/receiving bank accounts have to be confirmed, things that Liberty Reserve failed to address. In complete contrast, Anthem Vault recognizes that these two conditions are the sine qua non of safe and secure online transactions.

Image00001But one still wonders about Liberty Reserve. Forget for a moment the lack of identity verification or bank account verification. Extinguish for the moment the lurid images of Liberty Reserve’s Colombian drug-smugglers, Russian hackers, Bulgarian cybercriminals and Thai pornographers. Absent the foregoing, wouldn’t Liberty Reserve be something pretty interesting? With no government oversight or regulation and no money-transmitting license required, Liberty Reserve would surely rival the financial sector’s monopoly on moving money around the world.


Let’s backtrack. In the distant past, it became apparent that hauling around bags of silver and gold for daily transactions was totally impractical. One day, someone of standing and repute in the local community decided to try something new. Instead of handing over silver and gold to his creditor, he wrote an IOU note for the full amount, a ‘promise to pay’ based on the full faith and credit of himself as debtor; as a respected member of the community, he had the moral authority to do this. Over time, IOUs evolved into paper money and trading with paper became commonplace. Eventually, the States and the Federal Government got involved and legal authority supplemented moral authority. But the moral authority was always paramount, because without an abiding faith in the ethics of the debtor, how could the creditor even sleep at night?

So how far have we really come? Today, the Fed has supreme legal authority, to the extent that no other currency than the U.S. Dollar is allowed or recognized as legal tender. But it has arguably lost the moral authority, since the world’s faith in the Fed diminishes daily. With the White House administration badly handling five major scandals currently and with polls indicating a majority of Americans distrust their government, where do we look for moral authority today?Gold Globe

The answer is silver and gold.


U.S. Treasury prints $85 billion a month, a printing mania that devalues the dollar and promotes monetary mayhem. The U.S. Constitution authorizes gold and silver are to be used to backstop the nation’s currency, but neither is utilized and the Constitution is ignored.

Liberty Reserve moved $6 billion in 55 million global transactions over 7 years, becoming the darling of cybercriminals and organized crime. Good idea in a sense, but no identity or account verification and the wrong application.

Gold and Silver bullion is the only tried and true universally recognized store of value, globally traded safely and securely for over 5,000 years.

How Safe Is Your Safe Deposit Box?

A safe deposit box – incorrectly called a safety deposit box – held in a bank’s vault seems to be a pretty safe bet. But consider these questions:

  • Is the service free?
  • If not, what does the bank charge you?
  • Do they have your correct name and address on file?
  • Are the contents of your box adequately insured? Safe-deposit box contents have been destroyed by fire and flood, andPadlock have also been stolen.
  • Do you have an inventory of what your box contains?
  • Has anyone else had access to your box?
  • What happens to the contents of your box if you have not been to the bank in years?
  • What would happen if you were to die suddenly, or to die intestate (without a will)?
  • Do you know the Abandonment Laws in your state?
  • When financial chaos looms, who are the first to lock their doors?  (the banks!)


Unclaimed Property laws in the U.S. provide for half-yearly reporting periods at which unclaimed safe deposit box contents, in addition to other forms of personal property, are reported to the state’s Unclaimed Property Office. The items are then ‘noticed’ in a local newspaper, and finally the property is turned over to the state for safe-keeping until the rightful owner or heir makes a claim. At least, this is how it is meant to work, and the 50 U.S. states are currently holding more than $35 billion-worth of unclaimed property that they are mandated to safeguard until the rightful owner or heir is identified.

Piggy BankBut in 2008, a Good Morning America investigation revealed that some states aggressively seize property that remains unclaimed, and then they use the money to balance their budgets, even though state Unclaimed Property Offices are required to hold auction proceeds indefinitely in case the original owners or their heirs ever step forward. Statistically, states return less than a quarter of unclaimed property to the rightful owners.

Many states only require a bank to notify the owner of a safe deposit box by mail, when the box is considered abandoned (Anthem Vault uses mail and e-mail if an account holder cannot be located).

A state’s Unclaimed Property Vault – used to store non-monetary items of value such as jewelry, coins, and bullion – inevitably reaches capacity every few years. When the vault is full, the State Treasurer may decide to host an auction, and the proceeds generated from the sale of items are then recorded in the name of the safe deposit box owner. If the owner or heir is identified and verified, he/she may then be able to receive the entire proceeds from the sale of the items.


Abandonment laws in many states have a much shorter required holding period for safe deposit boxes than Anthem Vault’s seven-year period. For example, the State of Georgia considers property in a safe deposit box to be abandoned only two years after the lock has been drilled out by the bank and the contents seized and turned over to the state’s Unclaimed Property Office. California has been severely criticized for the way it handles unclaimed property, and unclaimed property in Delaware is the third largest source of state revenue. All 50 states pay private contractors commissions to locate and seize accounts for them. Think about that. Do they pay contractors just so they can give the assets back to the rightful owners and heirs?

Furthermore, there is the principle of escheat, a common law which transfers to the state or federal government the property of a person who dies without an heir, even though modern U.S. law places a heavy emphasis on finding a viable successor to assume ownership, before escheating the property to the state or the fed as the last resort. For the laws in your own state, do an internet search for ‘State of …….. unclaimed property”.Vault Door

If you suspect you may have abandoned a safe deposit box in the past, or are the heir of someone who may have done so, search Cash Unclaimed or Missing Money or Unclaimed.


Whether you have a lumpy mattress, a wall safe behind a painting or a safe deposit box in a bank, it pays to think carefully about how well your wealth is truly secured and safeguarded. Does anything compare to a non-governmental vault, completely outside the banking system?

Tell me about a vaulted and insured bullion account with Anthem Vault

A Dollar: What Is It Really Worth?

A dollar’s true worth will shock you. Superficially, the value of the U.S. Dollar can be gauged by Treasury Notes, current exchange rates, the level of foreign currency reserves (dollars held by foreign countries) and the value of today’s dollar as compared to previous years. Austrian school economist Ludwig von Mises was not really being glib when he said, “Government is the only agency that can take a valuable commodity like paper, slap some ink on it, and make it totally worthless”.

The last honest money issued by the Federal Government was the $50 Gold Certificate of 1913, which clearly stated on the front “United States Of America Fifty Dollars In Gold Coin, Payable To The Bearer On Demand.


Today, the value of the dollar fluctuates according to demand for U.S. Treasury Notes, which are sold at a fixed interest rate and face value. When demand is high, buyers pay above face value, and get a lower yield. When demand is low, buyers pay below face value and get a higher yield.


The most common measure of the U.S. Dollar is its exchange rate, which compares its value to other major currencies. Currencies are traded in the foreign exchange market (forex), and the value of a currency can change because of the strength of the nation’s economy and the nation’s debt level.


Foreign governments with an excess of dollars – usually the result of a country exporting to the U.S. more than it imports – hold them in foreign currency reserves. When the dollar declines in value, the value of the foreign country’s reserves also decline. That country then diversifies into other currencies which further reduces demand for the dollar, applying additional downward pressure on the dollar’s value. Foreign investors are currently diversifying their portfolios with more non-dollar denominated assets.

U.S. made goods become cheaper when the dollar declines, making them more competitive when compared to goods produced in other countries. Although this aids U.S. exports and economic growth, it also leads to higher oil prices because oil is priced internationally in U.S. Dollars. A declining dollar causes oil-producing countries to increase the price of oil, often by threatening to restrict supply.


An obvious reference point is to compare what a dollar buys today with what it bought in past years. For example, if you bought goods/services in 1913 that cost a dollar, those same goods/services today would cost $23.52. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a ‘market basket’ of consumer goods and services. The percentage change in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is therefore a measure of the rate of inflation.


Federal printing presses are creating an oversupply of dollars at the rate of 85 billion a month and 13% each year. Too many dollars chasing too few goods and services leads to inflation. Backed by gold for 179 years, the U.S. Dollar was taken off the Gold Standard in 1971 when the Federal Government ceased redeeming dollars for gold. The dollar has lost 98% of its value since Federal Reserve Notes were issued in 1914, meaning that today’s dollar would only be worth 4 cents back then. When the price of an item increases, people think of the item being worth more, and not that the dollar is worth less. But the latter is often the true explanation, as in the increase in the price of a barrel of oil, because oil prices are quoted in U.S. Dollars.


In short, our dollar-denominated monetary system is irretrievably compromised and loss of faith in the credit of the U.S. government, followed by sudden and unexpected currency failure, is certainly not impossible. Concerned over rising debt ratios, Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch may soon be downgrading U.S. debt once again.

Postscript…….. You can download the free app What Is A Dollar Worth?  from the iTunes store, and the app will work on your iPhone, iPod Touch, or iPad. An Android version of the inflation calculator is also being developed. The app lets you enter an amount in dollars, then it compares values between 1913 and 2012 or any intervening year.

Gold: Wealth Champion in a Scary World (Part II)

global currencyWhen currency was backed with gold and silver, no one was concerned about a doomsday scenario in the financial markets. But today that is a constant concern, and gold will always trump paper. 

The financial crises we see taking place in Europe are not currency crises, but government spending fiascos compounded by banking crises arising from the tenuous state of fiat currency credit and debt ratios and a nascent lack of faith in the banking system.


Arguments claiming the sighting of an increasingly strong dollar are just plain silly. Major currencies are like apples – the term comparing apples to apples comes to mind – but these ‘apples’ are all rotten. Some are quite rotten and others are rotten to the core. So comparing dollars to euros to pounds to yen is, in a sense, meaningless; together, they represent a basket of rotting apples. When you compare these currencies to gold, you begin to understand value.

If you measure the U.S. Dollar against gold, it becomes clear that, on average over a twelve-year period, the dollar lost 16% of its value each year.


Gold is traditionally thought of as, among other things, a hedge against inflation. But because official U.S. Government figures peg current inflation since 2010 at between 1% and almost 4%, some might say that inflation is not a major concern. It is well-known that the Consumer Price Index (CPI) has been ‘adjusted’ since the early 1980’s so that it understates inflation which, when all factors are taken into account, is actually running at just below 10% each year. Now do you still think you don’t need to own gold?

Think about this. If gold is not the ultimate store of value, why do the world’s central banks have any gold in their vaults at all?


Liberty ReserveRecent polls confirm that we live in an era of general distrust, and particular lack of faith and confidence in our government; financial mismanagement and misguided bailouts; taxpayer money squandered on Solyndra et al; a rigged CPI that understates inflation to achieve political gain; currency debasement to bail out a broken financial system; a trillion-dollar failed war on drugs; the multi-trillion dollar Ponzi schemes of Social Security and Medicare; the $3 trillion foreign wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that we cannot afford; the wasteful burden of inefficient regulation and pork-barrel projects; the Fast & Furious gun-running scandal; the government’s targeting of political opponents with IRS witch hunts; the government trying to extinguish freedoms such as gun control, the freedom of the Press and the right to a fair trial; NSA surveillance of millions of us; FBI drones overhead; biased preferences, quotas, special privileges and exemptions;  35,000 D.C. lobbyists; and of course, the general tax-and-spend myopia that heaps the unremitting financial burden on our grand-children.

Washington D.C. has difficulty delivering the mail, but the Feds think they are capable of controlling our healthcare system?


Two of the most frustrating issues for Big Government are its inability to control the masses and to control economic activity. The two-part pre-condition for the first issue is gun registration followed by gun confiscation; Stalin and Hitler both followed that path. The pre-condition for the second issue is the monopoly of a nation’s gold, something that was well understood and put into effect by Lenin, Mussolini, Hitler and even F.D.R. Gold therefore, is indisputably power as well as a store of value.

To paraphrase F.D.R. at his First Inaugural Address in 1933, “The only thing we have to fear is Fed itself.”

When the financial meltdown finally arrives – and it will be sudden and unexpected – would you rather have a loaf of bread, or a piece of paper saying the government or a bank owes you a loaf of bread?

The USA Today article included an innocuous-sounding statement that will unfortunately prove to be eerily prescient. “A dollar, ultimately, is worth what you think it is.”